Child Development Project Office
BRIEFLY DESCRIPTION OF I.C.D.S.- The national Policy for Children, initiated in august 1974 declares children as "A Supremely important asset" of the nation, whose "Nurture and Solicitude" are the responsibility of the nation. It affirms that it shall be the policy of the State" to provide adequate services to children both before and after4 birth and through the period of fourth to ensure. Their full physical, Mental & Social Development.
In pursuance of the national policy for children and recognizing that it is in Early childhood that the foundation for physical psychological and Social Development are do laid & that provisions of early childhood services, especially to the weaker and more vulnerable sections of the community. Will help prevent or minimize the wastage arising from infant mortality. Morbidity malnutrition and stagnation Schools. The government of India Started the integrated child development services (ICDS) Scheme in 1975 in 33 Pilot projects.
The ICDS Programmes aims to deliver on integrated package of basic services to children under six year of age to pregnant woman and to Nursing mothers right in their own villages or locations objectives of the ICDS scheme are:
1. To improve the nutritional & health status of children under six.
2. To lay the foundations for the proper, physical psychological and social development of the child.
3. To reduce the incidence of mortality, morbidity, Malnutrition and school drop out.
4. To achieve effective coordination of policy and implementation among the various departments promoting child development.
5. To enhance the capability of the mother to look after the normal health and nutritional needs of the child through proper nutrition and health education.
The following services are provided to children and pregnant and nursing Mother's in I.C.D.S Project are as:
1. Supplementary Nutrition.2. Immunization.3. Health-Check up.4. Referral services.5. Nutrition and health education.
6. Non Formal pre School education.
1. SUPPLEMENTARY NUTRITION: Supplementary nutrition is provided to children under six year and to pregnant election mother's from law income group families. Chi8ldren under six year of age are identified and provided with supplementary nutrition on the basis of their upper Mid-arm circumference or weight for age (new guide lines may be issued from time to time) Supplementary Nutrition given for 300 days of the year. In cases of severe malnutrition is larger quantity of suitable food is provided. (The average cost of food per beneficiary is reviewed Periodically).
2. IMMUNIZATION: Immunization against diphtheria tetanus, whooping cough tuberculosis and polio is given to all children. Typhoid vaccine. Should be given to children 5 years and above. When available, children are also immunized against measles Immunization against tetanus is given to all pregnant women who also receive iron and folic acid tablets children may also receive vitamin and iron and folio acid tablets.
3. HEALTH CHECK UP: Health check up services include antenatal care of pregnant women post natal care of nursing Mothers and care of children under six years of age. The children are examined and weighed Periodically. Immunized and treated for ailments like diarrhea dysentery and worm infestation.
4.REFERRAL SERVICES: Referral services are provided for both mothers and children. High risk mothers are sent to referral institutions for special care. Children requiring referral services are provided appropriate facilities at the PHC. Sub Center's, clinics. Districts Hospitals and referral Hospitals.
5.NUTRITION AND HEALTH EDUCATION; Nutrition & Health Education is given to all women between the age of 15 and 45 with priority given to pregnant women & lection mothers & special follow up is done of mothers whose children suffer from malnutrition or morbidity. Health & Nutrition Education is provided through special campaigns cooking and feeding demonstrations and home visits by aganwari worker's.
6. PRESCHOOL EDUCATION; Children 3-6 years of age are provided with non formal pre school education in an anganwari in each village or locality. The intention is not to impart formal training but to develop in child desirable attitudes valued and behavior patterns and to provide the child with psychological otmulation.
The administrative unit for the location of an ICDS projects is a community development block in the rural area. A tribal development block in the tribal area and a group of slums in urban area. In the selection of projects priority is given to areas predominantly inhabited by scheduled tribes and scheduled castes, to back ward and draught prone area, to nutritionally deficient areas and to areas leaking in the development of social services.
An anganwari is the focal point for the delivery of these services to children and mother's in their communities. An aganwari normally covers a population of 1000 in both rural & urban areas and 700 in tribal area. The number of anganwaries in any projects can be increased according to local needs on the basis of population, topography, Number of villages etc. An anganwari is run by an anganwari worker.
The anganwari worker, a local woman selected from with in the commu8nity is an honorary worker and receives an honorarium. She is assisted by a helper who is also a local woman and is paid a small honorarium, she is responsible for:
1. Organizing non- formal pre school education in the anganwari for children 3-6 years of age.
2. Organizing supplementary nutrition feeding for children under six, pregnant women & lection mothers.
3. Giving health & nutrition education to mother's.
4. Making home visits for education of parents, particularly mother's.
5. Facilitating community support & participation in running the programme.
6. Assisting the primary health center staff in the implementation of the health component of ICDS programme.
7 Maintaining Liaison with other institutions in the village and with other village functionaries.
8. Maintaining records on the village survey and submitting monthly progress reports.
The work of anganwari workers is supervised by mukhya sevika who guide and help them. Mukhya sevikas are provided at the rate of one for 25, 20 & 17 anganwaries in rural urban and Tribal projects receptively. Her specific duties include guidance to aganwari adequate coverage of Target groups use of weighing scales and arm bands conducting home visits, the maintenance of records monitoring immunization coverage an other important support.
She acts as a liaison between both the anganwari workers and the primary health center staff. Which delivers the basic health services of the ICDS programme, and between the aganwari workers and the child development project officer. Who is in charge of each ICDS project.
The CDPO coordinates and implements the ICDS programme and is responsible for managing the project. The CDPO supervises and guides the entire project team including the Mukhya Sevika's and anganwari worker's making field visits & calling staff meetings for this purpose.
All the aganwari area in a projects are divided into mukhya sevika circles. The anganwari areas are also divided among auxiliary Nurse midwives or multipurpose female. Health worker's ideally the health worker service area will correspond to that of the mukhya sevika in order to facilitate joint visits to the anganwari on an average an ANM looks after about 5 anganwaries. A Lady health visitor looks after the work of about four ANMS. The entire project area is also geographical divided among the total number of Medical officers in the primary health centre. Each Medical officer is responsible for all the PHC activities included in the ICDS programme in his area. The organizational Structure of an ICDS project is given in the following chart.
Format chart of ICDS department.
Central level. ( Ministry of human Development Resources that is responsible for budgetary control & direction of the implementation of this programme.
State Level Directorate, of Balvikas seva & Pushtahar U.P. Lucknow).
District Level. Designation- District Programme officer.
Block Level. Designation - Child development project officer.
Village level Anganwari Centers-This is maintained in villages at the population of 1000 (In case of Rural, Urban) ( 700 Population May be for tribal area).